Hiking the Summit Peak Trail in Stone Mountain Park

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So many mountains, so little time! For 25 years I’d been driving the Alaska Highway, past the spectacular limestone peaks around Summit Lake, always wishing I could see the view from the top of one. I finally got that opportunity the first week of July, and can now share one of the finest day-hikes I’ve ever done.

A large stone mountain under a clear-blue sky.

The 28-site campground at Summit Lake offers the only vehicle-accessible campground in 25,691-hectare Stone Mountain Provincial Park, and is also one of the most scenic campgrounds on the entire Alaska Highway. It is located at Km 597.6 of the Alaska Highway (Historic Mile 392), about 140 km (87 mi.) west of Fort Nelson, at an elevation of 1,295 meters (4,249 feet). I’ve spent a few single nights there over the years, but it’s on my short list of destinations to spend several days at. It has basic facilities (water taps, picnic tables, fire rings and outhouses), with a $16 per night fee during the open season, May 1 – September 6. There is also a boat launch, but it’s very rough.

A campsite on the water is overlooked by a large stone mountain.

The Summit Peak Trail shows up only sparsely online – BC Parks has this basic description: “a 5 km round-trip hike leads through lodgepole pine forest to a spectacular view of the alpine area. Recommended only for fit individuals.” There is also some confusion about mountain names – there is no “Summit Peak” officially, and the peak at the end of the Summit Peak Trail on the trailhead sign is officially Mount St. Paul. So, I’ve taken the map from the trailhead sign seen in the photo below…A collection of signs that display information about the Northern Rockies Summit Peak Trail.

and created one that illustrates my take on the various terminology used. This map shows the peak most commonly referred to as Summit Peak, which is also often termed “St. Paul E2”, meaning that it is 2 km east of Mount St. Paul.

An illustrated map of Summit Peak and Mt. St. Paul.

The trailhead sign notes that the trail is “moderately difficult”, 6.7 km long to the “upper viewpoint” (Summit Peak on my map), and you should allow 3½ hours for the hike up and 1½ hours to come down. I found those figures to be accurate.

Weather can change dramatically and quickly in the Northern Rockies, and changes should always be prepared and watched for. Hikers comfortable with no visible trail or markers will enjoy this hike the most – those unnerved by such conditions may find some extra challenges.

I started up the trail a few minutes after 8am, with not a cloud in the sky, though it was a bit chilly at about 13°C (55°F). The first few minutes of the trail were lined with a profusion of wildflowers, including the Mountain Indian Paintbrush (Castilleja parviflora) on the right in the next photo.

Brightly coloured blooming wildflowers.

The trail very soon crosses the unnamed creek that flows from the east side of Mount St. Paul, and a short but steep climb takes you to the top of what would have been a glacial outflow channel thousands of years ago. Straight ahead is the ridge that ends 3 km north with the summit of Mount St. Paul.

A man wearing a backpack hikes a tree-lined trail towards a large stone mountain.

This is fascinating country geologically. BC Parks notes that these peaks are “composed of layered sedimentary rock, mostly seabed dolomite, laid down in Devonian times and raised along with the rest of the area approximately 80-90 million years ago.” Although I didn’t see anything that I was certain was a fossil, in formations like this, some certainly may have been.Fossil formations in a slab of sedimentary rock.

Half an hour after starting, I had reached treeline at approximately 1,450 meters elevation (4,750 feet), and the grade of the trail steepened (the second red section on the trail map).

A grassy hill leading up to the summit of a stone mountain.

Above treeline, the amount of soil lessened considerably, but some small pockets held wonderful floral displays, including Moss campion, Alpine anemone and these Cinquefoil.

Yellow wildflowers bloom at the base of a large stone mountain.

As you climb, the views get increasingly better – to the point that progress can be slow, especially if you have a camera with you. The next photo is looking across the valley to Flower Springs Lake, which you can get close to via the road in the foreground, a 4-wheel-drive road that goes to a microwave tower.

A lush green valley and an expansive rocky mountain range.

Nearing the top of the ridge, the trail disappears several times, but any route chosen through the rocks will get you back onto the obvious trail at the top. Along this section, I met the only other hiker on the trail that morning, an Australian fellow on tour with his wife, who had stayed at the campground.

I reached the location noted on the trail sign as the first viewpoint (at 1,981 meters) at 10:20, and almost turned back here, thinking that the views couldn’t get any better than this. The ridge walk ahead towards the summit, however, looked wonderful, so after a short contemplation, I continued on.

A man hikes along a rocky terrain, a rocky mountain range at his back.

The long dipping ridge had a fair accumulation of soil in many spots, as well as some large patches of snow which were fun for a barefoot walk. The soil allowed for many flowers to grow, making the ridge walk even nicer than I’d thought it would be. The ridge and the summit also, though, had millions of these bugs, which I’ve been unable to identify. They’re perhaps 5 cm (3/16th inch) long, and while large numbers flew onto me, they didn’t bite. The unlucky ones who somehow got themselves on the snow patches, like the ones below, died. One of the things that made this encounter so surprising was that other than butterflies, there were very few other insects anywhere along the trail. Of particular note was the virtual absence of mosquitoes.

A collection of dead brown bugs in the snow.

The final steep slope up to the summit:

Looking up towards the summit of a large stone mountain.

The cairn at the top of Summit Peak, looking across Summit Lake and Flower Springs Lake into a sea of other peaks in the 2,000-meter range. This truly is the Northern Rockies at their finest.

Standing on the peak of mountain, overlooking a lush valley and a snow-capped mountain range.

The hike back down from the summit was quick, and I wasn’t ready for the experience to end yet, so at treeline, I left the trail and dropped down to the creek. The snow melt was almost finished so there was little water flowing, but on the hike up I had seen some lovely pools that I wanted a closer look at. On the far side of the creek is a little-used trail – from descriptions I’ve found online, that could be another route to the summit of Mount St. Paul.

A rocky creek on a sunny day.

The creek was great fun to walk down, with all manner of glacier-and-water-polished slopes and boulders to walk across, over and around. When I found this deep little pool I couldn’t resist the opportunity to cool down and clean off before getting back to the motorhome and continuing the drive.

A man takes a dip in the clear waters of a creek.

I took 190 photos during the 5½ hours I spent on the trail. Not only was the Summit Peak Trail one of the finest day-hikes I’ve ever done, it has convinced me that the Summit Lake campground needs to be my base for several days, for more hiking, to drive the 4-wheel-drive road to the microwave tower, and just to sit still and soak up the majesty of the Northern Rockies.