Valemount's culture and history is characterized by First Nations inhabitance, the arrival of the Overlanders, who travelled from Ontario to the Cariboo Goldfields in 1862, and railway development.
The Great Northern and Grand Trunk Railroads arrived in Valemount in 1928. The railway gradually expanded to become part of the CN Rail System. Rail construction in Valemount ceased in the 1960s. During the area's early development, the largest community was not located where Valemount is today. Instead it was located at Tete Jaune Cache, 25km/15mi north of present-day Valemount, where some 10,000 residents lived. The community was comprised of loggers, homesteaders, and railway workers.
Valemount and Area Museum
Tools, furniture, and historical artifacts from Valemount's past are featured at the Valemount and Area Museum, located at the end of Martin Drive at Main Street. The museum is housed in a train station, originally built in 1914.
The museum's main exhibit is a restored caboose. Information about the internment of Japanese Canadians during World War II, the logging and farming industries, and the life of early trappers is also available at the museum. Just south of the museum is the War Heroes Museum, with exhibits covering the Boer War, World War I and II, and Korean Wars.
Valemount today has an economic base of forestry, ranching, and ecotourism. Local and visitors alike enjoy a range of winter activities – snowmobiling, backcountry skiing, and cross-country skiing – and hiking, whitewater rafting, canoeing, and fishing.