Mount Robson Provincial Park was established by a special act of the British Columbia legislature in 1913. However, the land where the park is located was first inhabited by the Texqakallt First Nation.
The Texqakallt called Mount Robson "Yuh-hai-has-kun'" or "the mountain of the spiral road," referring to the mountain's layered appearance. The mountain was named Mount Robson in the 1800s by explorer Colin Robertson.
One of area's earliest explorers was Pierre Bostonnais, who led the first Europeans, mostly Hudson Bay Company employees, through Yellowhead Pass. Yellowhead Pass, Yellowhead Highway, and the area of Tete Jaune Cache are all named for Bostonnais' light hair.
European exploration established the Mount Robson Provincial Park area as a major trapping, prospecting, and transportation site. The Yellowhead Pass was originally thought to be the most likely railway route through the Rocky Mountains, but the plan was abandoned with the discovery of Kicking Horse Pass. Nonetheless, the Grand Trunk Pacific (the route now owned by Canadian National Railway) was built through Yellowhead Pass in the early 1900s.
Mount Robson Provincial Park and the nearby community of Valemount are primarily seasonal adventure locales. In summer, hiking, fishing, whitewater rafting, and camping are popular options. In winter, snowmobiling, heli-skiing, and backcountry skiing are usual pursuits.