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Horseback riding, Echo Valley
(Albert Normandin photo)

Cariboo Chilcotin Coast

Culture & History

Centuries before European arrival, Aboriginal peoples brought their rich and diverse culture to the Cariboo Chilcotin Coast.

Living by land and sea, the coastal tribes of Heiltsuk, Nuxalk and Kwakwaka'wakw subsisted on salmon and eulachon (or smelt fish). They traded with the Carrier tribes across the Coast Mountains for obsidian, furs and other goods.

The First Nations tribes travelled trading routes that became known as "grease trails" for the fish oil which leaked from wooden containers on the journey. The Great Road, or Nuxalk-Carrier Grease Trail, was a major corridor from the Fraser River, across plateaus, and to the sea.

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Culture & History in Cariboo Chilcotin Coast

Cowboy History

An overview of cowboy history and culture in the Cariboo Chilcotin Coast region of British Columbia. 

First Nations History

An overview of the First Nations tribes and history of the Cariboo Chilcotin Coast, British Columbia.

Gold Rush History

An overview of the Cariboo Gold Rush in British Columbia.

Railway History

An overview of railway history in the Cariboo Chilcotin Coast region, including the building of the Pacific Great Eastern from Vancouver to Fort Nelson.